The Pennsylvania Rambler and other Sugarloaf Massacre stories.

Recently found this link from the Pennsylvania Rambler blog and thought it was interesting. He make no mention of the Tom Varenna article, which predates his, so you can’t be sure he hasn’t read Varenna. That said, as a meditation on how stories change, the blog article is worth a read.

I’ve been trying to track down where George Kocher Sr died. His traditional date of passing is 17 September 1980, and that jibes well with this quote, found in The Pennsylvania Archives, Ser. 1, Vol. 8, (1907) 564-565, and quoted in the Wikipedia article on the burial attempt.

On the first notice of this unfortuned event the officers of the militia have Exerted themselves to get Volunteers out of their Respective Divissions to go up & Burry the Dead, their Labour Proved not in Vain we collected about 150 men & officers Included from the Colonels Kern, Giger & my own Battalions who would undergo the fatique & Danger to go their & pay that Respect to their slautered Brethren, Due to men who fell in support of the freedom of their Country. On the 15th we took up our line of march (want of amunation prevented us from going Sooner) on the 17th we arrived at the place of action, where we found Ten of our Soldiers Dead, Scalped, Striped Naked, & in a most cruel & Barborous manner Tomehawked, their throads Cut, &c. &c. whom we Buried & Returned without even seeing any of these Black alies, & Bloody executors of British Tirany….

There is a skirmish on the 17th and I can only assume that George Kocher Sr died as part of the burial party for the Sugarloaf massacre.

The Wikipedia these days is having articles translated into Youtube videos. The Youtube video of the Sugarloaf Massacre is here.

Greeneville TN visit. Some quick hits.

I have driven to Greene County TN, spent parts of two days in their genealogical library. I found the Nolichucky River and also Cove Creek. I have taken photos of Cove Creek, the Solomon Lutheran church. After, I found Mt Tabor United Methodist Church, the Myers cemetery there, and took a photo of Wayne Myers’s grave. In the meantime, I also found his obituary.

Q: Was William Myers Sr illiterate?

He signs his will with an ‘x’.  For now, I suspect he is, though I cannot rule out him losing the ability to write later in life.

Q: How close were the lands of William Myers Sr and Jr?

In a deed dated 1817, Charles Myers Jr sells 19 3/4 acres of land to Barnabas Myers. In the deed he mentions he inherited the land from his father, William Myers, and that the land is adjacent to the land of William Myers Sr.

The evidence they were close is that they appear in the same tax district within Greene County year after year. But side by side is yet another matter.

Q: When did William Myers Jr die?

He is reported as alive on the tax rolls of 1814. later in the year, on the 25th of October, 1814, the first of three estate sales happen. So he must have died in 1814. A rereading of the documents suggest that the first estate sale is a different man. An inventory of William Myers Jr’s estate is taken on Tuesday, January 24, 1815 and in that document it gives a date of death of January 23, 1815.

Q: What about the other Myers?

If you mean Christopher Myers and Henry Myers and that bunch, they are physically in another district, north and west of the Cove Creek Myers. The librarian at T Elmer Cox said they were located between Mohawk and Mosheim. There are other small groups, but the West Greene Myers and the Cove Creek Myers are the two largest groups.

Q: What was the status of Jacob Myers, William Myers Jr’s fourth son, after William’s death?

Turns out he was a minor too. John Cook Sr takes guardianship of him on Wed, April 14, 1816. That paints Charles Myers Jr as the oldest of the William Myers Jr children.

Q: Can we locate George Myers in Greene County TN?

He is on the tax rolls of 1798. He is part of a trial, along with John Myers, in 1803. Both John and George were witnesses. I believe that George Myers was also part of a jury in 1803, but the last name of the last juror (George) is cut off in my photo. In 1805, you can find a ‘George Moyers’ in the tax rolls. A George Myers marries a June Harty in 1801, marriage deed # 758.

Q: What are the earliest signs of the Cove Creek Myers in Greene County TN?

John Myers is certainly active in the early 1790s, as he is known to arrive in 1790. The date for William Myers Sr and company to arrive is between 1792 and 1794. The first tax rolls that show William Sr, William Jr, John, George, John Cook, Barnabas Gable etc is the 1798 tax roll. I don’t know why they are missing in 1796; data loss? The first written document that pins a William into Greene County is the marriage deed of Barnabas Gable, which appears to be signed by a William Myers (At this point I suspect William Sr). The marriage is normally dated to 18 Dec, 1795.

Q: What are the first signs of Charles Myers Sr in Greene County?

Still, the first sign is his marriage to Rebecca Williams in 1811. In 1812, there are comments in the minutes about roads that were to be made from ‘Charles Myers’s Smith Shop’ to other locations, or roads to be made near the shop.

In 1813, a Charles Myers, probably Charles Sr, buys 19+ acres of land and this acreage appears in the 1814, 1815, and 1816 tax rolls. This is not the same land that is deeded to Barney Myers.

By late 1814 through 1816 Charles Sr is heavily involved with the William Myers Jr estate, and appears on the tax rolls as administrator of William’s land in 1815 and 1816. No attempt is made to distinguish between the Charles Myers who owns 19 acres and the one who administers the William Myers estate.

Q: When did Charles Myers Sr leave?

Because of tax roll loss in Greene County, we can’t trace him from 1817 out. First sign in Giles is the 1820 US Census.

Q: Any news on George Kocher Jr?

I found and photographed his marriage deed, but could not find any hint of him on the tax rolls.

Q: Who else lived along Cove Creek?

John Crockett did, in 1794. He was building a grist mill when a flood wiped out the mill and left John, David Crockett’s father, with a large debt load. I like to imagine that David Crockett could have played marbles with Charles Sr and Jr.

Q: So what did Wayne Myers’s grave look like?

Like this. Without Wayne, this blog would be a small and largely barren affair.

IMG_0124

 

 

William Myers Sr: Easton library returns a trove of documents.

I am getting data back from Easton now. Many thanks to their volunteers and their incredibly quick response. We will post some bits and pieces here.

William was involved in two properties. The first they can physically locate

C143pg39

This is the modern map that they emailed me.

William Meyer Tract 1

I believe they said it surveys to about 180 some odd acres.

The second tract of land, though not exactly located, has quite a bit of history that can be attached to it.

C147pg278

As I would read this, he is buying land for the heirs of George Kohar, deceased. The land is adjacent to the land of Henry Kohar. I suspect the heirs are Magdalene Kocher and her two children.

Last but hardly least are actual photos of the original tax rolls, and they have those from 1775 to at least 1794. The 1794 one is interesting for the inscription “land only”. The researcher attached to my requests speculates that William has already moved to Greene Co TN by this time, and is paying tax just on the land.

PennTownship Tax 1794b

Some notes on Magdalene Meyer, her children, and her husband.

Magdalene Meyer is, by my current understanding of the facts, the second child of Captain William Meyer (TN’s William Myers Sr). Looking at various Ancestry trees and using them as a primary source, you get a birth date and birth location of Nov 1, 1862 and Hilltown Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. If these facts are correct, then Lt John Moyer of the Sugarloaf Massacre is likely born in Bucks as well.

She has a daughter Elizabeth around 1780, and her husband (married ~ 1777), George Jacob Kocher, is said to have died on 17 September, 1780, six days after the massacre. The way the name is given is important. George is not a first name but a spiritual name. His first name is actually Jacob. This same source gives a birthdate for Jacob Kocher of 15 July, 1756 in Hilltown, Bucks, PA. Interestingly, same source creates a chimera birth of Maria Magdelene (Polly) Kocher 01 Nov 1762, in Hilltown, Bucks, PA. Interesting that his wife and his sister are born on the same day and in the same township, and die in the same year. One is almost certainly incorrect.  At this point I wonder if data for the sister was transferred to the wife.

The death location for /Jacob/ Kocher is also different, depending on source. One gives Valley, Armstrong, PA and the other is the Nescopeck I’ve heard. It’s important to know that Indian/Tory attacks were happening all over the place in this time frame, so I don’t have the facts to eliminate either possibility at this time.

Magdelena has two children, Elizabeth and George. George goes on to marry John Myers’s only daughter. Elizabeth marries Barnabas Gable in 18 Dec 1795 in Greene County, which puts another stake in the ground of the Myers clan move into Tennessee. Elizabeth is sometimes said to be born in Lancaster County, which I find a little confusing. I would have thought Magdalene + Jacob would have remained in Northampton. If it is true that this family was in Lancaster County at this time, then Mr Kocher likely would have been a part of the Lancaster militia, and not part of the John Myers rescue effort mounted by John’s father.